What Is Concerto Grossi?
The Piano Concertos of Handel
The concerti grossi's composition was written in a time when there was no time left for the actual work, so Handel decided to make a set of orchestral "masterpieces" for general publication. The second movement is a lively one. The material is derived from the first two bars and a half bar figure.
The movement's success is due to the unpredictable interchanges between orchestra and soloist, rather than the classical form. The opening andante larghetto is spacious and flowing. The concertino trio's responses are derived from the opening ritornello.
They alternate between graceful and more decisive rhythms. The three adagio pauses before the close may indicate that Handel expected the soloist to perform in the adagio. The second movement is a trio style.
The opening bars are played in imitation or in parallel thirds as a kind of moto perpetuo. The third movement is not usual. The full orchestrand solo violins respond in successive bars with a variety of rhythms, while the larghetto andante piano is gentle and mysterious with a variety of rhythms.
The ritornello is played by the full orchestra three times in the opening larghetto. The concertino responses only go towards the major key. The full orchestra plays the music from the ritornello and the solo interludes.
The Concertino Group
A small group of people playing in a group pass the melody between themselves and the orchestra or a small ensemble in a grosso. The orchestra is compared with a group of people. The concertino is a group.
That is different from the term solo concerto, where there is only one soloist. The ripieno is the full orchestra. Concerti grossi are the majority of them.
The second one has a concertino group of four instruments. The concerti grossi was written after the Baroque period. They were interested in the solo piece.
The Brandenburg Concerto for Solo Violin, Obbligato Harpsichord and String
The Brandenburg Concerto is a piece for flute, solo violin, obbligato harpsichord, and strings. It is interesting to note that in the ripieno, he only writes one violin part, rather than two as is his norm.