What Is Ritual Umbanda?
- The cosmological significance of the Umbanda houses
- The Importance of Spirit Work in the Umbanda Religion
- The Umbanda Religion in Brazil
- The Religion of Macumba
- Charity and brotherly love
- Oxford Scholarship Online
- The Umbanda Center in Sao Paolo
- Umbanda: A Latin-Brazilian Religion
- The Carnival of the Brazilian Romani
The cosmological significance of the Umbanda houses
Tendas or Terreiros look like ordinary houses when seen from the street. African styled ceramic vases can be placed on the walls or ceilings to give a religious appearance to the house. The main entrance has a wood board with the temple name on it.
The larger Umbanda houses are usually laid out in a similar fashion to a church. The leader and his or her family are usually the home of the separated part of the Tenda or Terreiro. One hundred years after its establishment, Umbanda is divided into several branches with different rituals and ceremonies.
There is not a strong adherence to a single code of ceremonies and creeds in Terreiros de Umbanda. The Santo Daime, founded in the 1930s by Raimundo Irineu Serra, has incorporated elements of Umbanda in its rituals. The use of ayahuasca is important in their ceremonies.
The Importance of Spirit Work in the Umbanda Religion
Most of the rituals and practices within the Umbanda religion are performed by priests and priestesses. In its early years, most Umbanda practitioners were poor and rituals were held at people's homes, either in tents or in the yard, so there would be room for all. Dancing and drumming are examples of rituals.
The idea of spirit work is important to the core tenets of Umbanda because it is used to determine the best way to appease the orixas and other beings. In Umbanda rituals, practitioners wear white clothing because it is believed that white is the true character because of the combination of all colors. It helps prepare the person for worship.
Shoes are not worn in ritual because they are seen as dirty. Everything you do on a day long basis comes into contact with your shoes. Bare feet allow the worshiper to have a deeper connection to the earth.
The Umbanda Religion in Brazil
Umbanda is a religion of Brazil that has influences of many religions. Candomble is a religion related to Umbanda. Umbanda in Brazil has been influenced by evangelical denominations.
The spirits in Umbanda are considered to be demons by Pentecostals and other Christians. The decline in the Umbanda religion has been going on for a while. There is no change in attendance at Terreiros.
The Religion of Macumba
The urban city centers of Brazil are where the religion of quimbanda is practiced. Its practices are associated with magic, rituals and spirits. The religious tradition of Macumba contained the area.
The Catholic and Kardecist Spiritist influences that have penetrated Umbanda and other Afro-Brazilian religions were rejected by the Quimbanda. The deities associated with the Quimbanda are not from the traditional religious tradition of the Yoruba people. The female counterparts of Exus are Pomba.
Prominent Pomba-Gira Maria Mulambo, also known as Maria of the trash, is used for specific rituals often relating to their names. Someone who is very unlucky is referred to as Mulambo. Pomba-Gira Maria Mulambo is summoned to destroy someone and make them a mulambo.
Ogum is the orisha of warfare and metal. The Lord is at the center of the crossroads. Ogum rituals are more justice-bound than Exu.
Charity and brotherly love
The two fundamental principles that should guide existence are charity and brotherly love. The figure of Jesus Christ is a moral reference for many people.
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The Umbanda Center in Sao Paolo
Umbanda does not require its faithful to leave other churches. The Roman Catholic Church in Brazil has taken a tolerant stance towards Umbanda. Some Pentecostal Protestant leaders are campaigning against Umbanda.
Brazilians of Japanese descent attend some Umbanda centers in Sao Paolo. Many centers in the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul are dominated by Germans or Italians. The Umbanda center in Rio de Brazil is mostly Jewish.
Umbanda: A Latin-Brazilian Religion
Umbanda is a religion that blends Catholicism, Kardecist Spiritualism, and Afro-Brazilian religions. It originated in Brazil in the early 20th century but has spread across the country and to Argentina. The term "Umbanda" is derived from Kimbundu, an Luanda language.
The Carnival of the Brazilian Romani
The dancers are barefoot and are celebrating the saint of the people. They blow fans into the faces of a hundred or so guests, inviting everyone into the circle. The majority of dancers are women wearing layers of colorful skirts, blouse, bracelets, and necklaces.
Men are wearing red shirts and black pants with earrings and daggers. There are drinks and food on the tables. Brazilian Romani were treated as outsiders, heretics, thieves and barbarians by their neighbours, the church and the government after they were expelled from Portugal in the 16th century.
Brazil is home to almost a million people of the same name. The language and traditions were lost due to centuries of persecution. The Romani language was forbidden by the government until recently, and now only has separate words and expressions for Portuguese and Romani.